20 Quick Facts About Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19)

As the world continues to battle against the clock in order to find a vaccine that will mitigate and possibly cure the coronavirus disease 2019 also known as the Covid-19, we have put together 20 quick facts about the virus to debunk claims by non-experts and growing mythical claims.

This article covers the coronavirus’ brief history, mode of transmission, symptoms and precautionary measures.

Kindly note that this is strictly research-based and considering the fact that our niche is all about African movies, we at AMH are also not oblivious of the realities that the coronavirus is a global pandemic, and that it affects all ramifications of life including economic activities, politics, business, social life, entertainment (African movies’ business inclusive), etc. In light of this, we decided to do this article as a social responsibility for public knowledge, awareness and enlightenment.

Here are 20 Quick Facts About coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19):

 

The Origin of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19)

1. Widely known as Coronavirus disease 2019, it was officially named and abbreviated by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as COVID-19 (‘CO’ stands for ‘corona,’ ‘VI’ for ‘virus,’ and ‘D’ for disease) on its Twitter handle.

2. The disease was first identified in Wuhan China where Chinese health authorities say the virus likely came from a seafood market.

3. COVID-19 is a new disease, caused by a new coronavirus that has not previously been seen in humans.

4. According to Aljazeera, Chinese researchers say the virus could have spread from an infected animal species to humans through illegally-trafficked pangolins, which are prized in Asia for food and medicine. Other experts have pointed to either bats or snakes as the source of the virus.

20 Quick Facts About Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19)
Photo: Courtesy Aljazeera

 

Mode of Transmission of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19)

5. Health practitioners world-wide have confirmed that the coronavirus disease is transferrable from human-to-human, hence the need to follow preventive methods to avoid catching the virus.

6. Regardless of race, skin colour or ethnicity, the coronavirus disease 2019 can make anyone sick. No people of any particular descent have proven to be resistant to the Covid -19 Virus.

7. The Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC), reported symptoms have ranged from mild symptoms to severe illnesses and even deaths for confirmed coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases. And they come in the form of fever, cough and shortness of breath between 2-14 days after exposure.

8. If you have been in close contact with a person known to have COVID-19 or have recently travelled from an area with widespread or ongoing community spread of COVID-19, call ahead before you go to a doctor’s office or an emergency room to let them know bout your recent travel destinations and your symptoms.

9. It is advisable that if you have recently travelled from areas affected by coronavirus, you should stay indoors and avoid contact with other people (as you would with the flu) and call emergency numbers to tell them about your condition.

 

How Fatal Can Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) be?

10: According to official numbers by the WHO as of 1st of March, the outbreak has affected an estimated 87,000 people globally. In mainland China, there have been 2,870 deaths among over 79,000 cases, mostly in the central province of Hubei.

11. The Guardian reports that so far, more than 41,000 people affected in China have already recovered.

12: In severe coronavirus cases, organ failures have occurred and since it is in the class of viral pneumonia, antibiotics are of no use against it. Also, antiviral drugs currently available for flu don’t work either.

13. Health experts say that recovery depends on the strength of the individual’s immune system as many of those who have died from the disease were already in poor health.

14. The BBC says researchers currently think that between five and 40 coronavirus cases in 1,000 will result in death,

 

Preventive Measures against Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19)

20 Quick Facts About Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19)
A medical staff member takes the temperature of a man at the Wuhan Red Cross Hospital in China on Jan. 25. HECTOR RETAMAL/AFP via Getty Images

 

15. Best preventive measures are to wash your hands with clean running water and soap

16. To avoid the spread from one person to another, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you sneeze and then throw the tissue in bin, then wash your hands with soap and water.

17. If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your elbow instead of your hands.

18. Face masks provide some protection since they block liquid droplets, but they do not hold back smaller aerosol particles which can pass through a facial mask.

19. When your hands are unwashed, avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth so as to reduce catching the virus.

20. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), currently has no cure so the best way to prevent one from the illness is to avoid being exposed to the virus. One of such ways is to clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.

 

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